Much of this is likely to melt out completely by the end of the summer. Arctic Sea Ice News & Analysis (ASINA) is produced by the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC), which is part of the Cooperative Institute for Research in Environmental Sciences (CIRES) at the University of Colorado Boulder. About sharing. While agreeing that the next week's weather will determine this July's place in the record books, Dr Inness noted that 2019 did bring us the warmest June known since the year 1880. About the dataCredit: National Snow and Ice Data CenterHigh-resolution image. Published: 07:07 EST, 30 August 2019 | Updated: 13:14 EST, 3 July 2020. Europe; Walloped by heat wave, Greenland sees massive ice melt. Explore current and archived sea ice data on the NSIDC Sea Ice Index Web site. The impact of this year’s early melt onset is evident in sea surface temperatures along the coast of Alaska and the Chukchi Sea, which are at least 5 degrees Celsius (9 degrees Fahrenheit) above average (Figure 4b). The 1981 to 2010 median is in dark gray. What's hot in the news around climate and sea ice and what are scientists talking about now? Geophysical Research Letters. A similar situation was observed during two periods in 2018, including one in mid-winter and one in late summer. The heatwave was triggered by the build-up of high pressures over Europe over the past few days, leading to the northward movement of warm air from Europe over the UK. Melt also started earlier than average within the northern Bering and southern Chukchi Seas and also within Baffin Bay along the west coast of Greenland. Credit: NASA High-resolution image. Farm Heroes Saga, the #4 Game on iTunes. 'However, the outcome is uncertain as conditions are expected to change early next week. The polynya is formed by a combination of ocean currents and winds that create an upward dome shape in warmer, or a few degrees above freezing, deep ocean layers. On a daily basis, ice tracked at record low levels from July 10 through July 14 and July 20 through the end of the month. On Thursday, temperatures in Paris reached 108.9º Fahrenheit (F) (42.7º Celsius (C)), breaking a heat record set in 1947. On 25 July, the record was again broken, reaching 41.8 °C (107.2 °F) in Begijnendijk (Flemish Brabant). 'This will allow weather fronts to move over the UK, bringing cooler air and possibly some rain,' Professor Shaffrey added. A collaborative network of scientists and stakeholders to advance research on sea ice prediction and communicate sea ice knowledge and tools. See About the Cryosphere. 2019 is shown in a thick purple line ending on July 31, 2019, while the 2012 record low is also marked. This true-color composite image taken by the NASA Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) sensor shows sea ice as seen from an aircraft over Peary Land, Northeast Greenland. Values are based on the passive microwave satellite data record. Share. The 2019 heat wave in June was such an event, because it followed the development of an “Omega Pattern.” Europe heatwave: Paris latest to break record with 42.6C . By the end of the month, the Northern Sea Route that links Europe and Asia through the East Siberian and Laptev Seas appeared to be essentially open, whereas the Northwest Passage (both the southern and northern routes) remained blocked by ice. Although different forecasts are anticipating slightly different details, 'the broad message of all the forecasts is the same,' said Dr Inness. Published: 07:07 EST, 30 August 2019 | Updated: 13:14 EST, 3 July 2020 . There were almost 15,000 heat-related deaths in France during the months of July and August … The monthly average extent was 80,000 square kilometers (30,900 square miles) below the previous record low set in 2012 and 1.88 million square kilometers (726,000 square miles) below the 1981 to 2010 average. The latter half of the month, in contrast, was relatively cool over the East Siberian and Laptev Seas, as well as near Svalbard and the Canadian Arctic Archipelago, where temperatures at the 925 hPa level (about 2,500 feet above the surface) were 1 to 4 degrees Celsius (2 to 7 degrees Fahrenheit) below the 1981 to 2010 average. For Operational Meteorologists, forecasting a coming heat wave or cold wave is relatively easy, a lot easier than forecasting the exact track of a hurricane days in advance, for instance. Comiso, J. C. and Gordon, A. L. 1987. Antarctic sea ice extent for May 2019 was 15.30 million square kilometers (5.91 million square miles). Figure 5a. Only seven previous years—1990, 1991, 2007, 2009, 2013, 2015, and 2018—experienced daily rates of ice loss exceeding 100,000 square kilometers (38,600 square miles) per day, with 2007 holding the record low of 114,200 square kilometers (44,100 square miles) per day. The graph above shows Arctic sea ice extent decline per decade since satellite observations began in 1979. Credit: Kevin Woods, NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental LaboratoryHigh-resolution image. Changes in Arctic melt season and implications for sea ice loss. Less than one month after a historic heat wave gripped more than half of Europe, another far-reaching heat wave will affect many of the same locations this week. doi:10.1029/2009JC005436. doi: 10.1029/JC092iC03p02819. The warning comes from the UK Met Office, who conducted a climate assessment on behalf of the World Meteorological Organisation. 'As a result of this shift, hot air has been drawn up from Europe causing the high temperatures we are experiencing this week. July 24, 2019… doi.org/10.1002/2013GL058951. And 2019 is already proving to be an exceptional year on that front. Tourists lean on a concrete wall as they seek cooling in the shade during a heatwave in Amsterdam, the Netherlands, on July 25, 2019. Further, the fires release a substantial amount of carbon dioxide. This was larger than the 1981 to 2010 average loss for the month. In this photo taken during a NOAA flight north of Utqiagvik, Alaska, sea ice appears to be highly decayed with deep melt ponds. The present conditions may turn out to be record-breaking, but they are also part of a recent trend towards warmer UK summers. 2014. During this heat wave, about 60 percent of the Greenland ice sheet experienced melt. While onboard some of these flights in mid-July, Kevin Woods of the NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Lab in Seattle, Washington took several photos of the sea ice (Figure 5c). 2009. 24 June 2019. 'With further climate change there could be a 50% chance of having hot summers in the future,' agreed Dr Finney. Wildfires do not only deposit soot, they also pose a health hazard to local communities. In total, sea ice extent during July 2019 decreased by 3.28 million square kilometers (1.27 million square miles). Temperatures will climb some 20 degrees above average in … Read more ... Arctic sea ice extent in July tracked at record low levels for multiple individual days and for the month as a whole. Experts from the Swiss Federal Institute of Technology in Zurich, Switzerland looked at weather station data recorded between 1950 and 2018. The high temperatures in Europe also stand to harm millions of people. Contact NSIDC User Services or call +1 303.492.6199 There was little retreat in the Barents Sea where the ice edge had already pulled back to its average northward position for this time of year. The present heatwave is not the only notable indicator of climate change, experts note, with ongoing droughts — such as those being experienced in many parts of Germany — also being in line with scientific predictions. Data are from the University of Washington Polar Science Center UpTempO buoys and satellite-derived values from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association (NOAA). 1 of 10. Sea Ice Index data. Tweet; Share; Email; CevherShare; Tweet; Share ; Email; Arctic sea ice extent in July tracked at record low levels for multiple individual days and for the month as a whole. The other near-record years were widely dispersed (1983, 1986, 2002, and 2017), underscoring the high variability of Antarctic sea ice. In late July, a similar feature formed in the Cosmonaut Sea, the name for the area of the Southern Ocean along the western coast of Enderby Land (40 degrees to 55 degrees E longitude). 'It will be hot, with high temperatures persisting through the night time periods, and there is the risk of some thunderstorms over the UK.'. The NASA award NNX16AJ92G funds the ASINA project. The timing of melt onset plays an important role in melt pond development and ice breakup, both of which allow for more solar radiation to be absorbed in the upper ocean, promoting more ice melt. Another factor that plays a role in ice melt is deposition of dark soot from wildfires on the highly reflective snow and ice surfaces, allowing more of the sun’s energy to be absorbed. It was described as the worst heatwave in Europe since 1540 by meteorologists. Meteorologists are predicting high temperatures reaching up to 100°F (38°C) over central and Eastern England on Thursday. Smoke from these fires has been observed to blow across Greenland and over sea ice areas. While an overall positive linear trend is still evident in the 40-year Antarctic sea ice extent record, variability dominates, with 2014 being a record high maximum and 2017 a record low maximum extent. If this warmer water mixes upward, it prevents the formation of sea ice even as cold winter weather freezes adjacent areas. Our site has from time to time noted the comings and goings of the Maud Rise Polynya, an opening within the pack ice thought to form when deeper warm water is forced to the surface. As mentioned in our July mid-month post, numerous ice floes have broken away from the main pack ice in the southern Beaufort Sea. 'It has been estimated that about 35,000 people died as a result of the European heatwave in 2003, so this is not a trivial issue,' said Dr Inness. On Thin Ice:Expedition to a Crumbling Ice Shelf. Figure 4a. General public and data users: © 2019, National Snow and Ice Data Center :: Advancing knowledge of Earth's frozen regions, Exchange for Local Observations and Knowledge of the Arctic (ELOKA), NASA Distributed Active Archive Center at NSIDC (NSIDC DAAC), All About Arctic Climatology & Meteorology, NOAA Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, Sea Ice Index (Passive microwave satellite data), MASIE (Daily sea ice extent, multi-source). On 24 July, the highest ever recorded temperature in Belgium was measured, reaching 40.2 °C (104.4 °F) in the town of Angleur, exceeding the previous record of 38.8 °C (101.8 °F), reached in 1947. 'If conditions continue, it is likely that we could experience the hottest July on record,' said Dr Sambrook. It is something many have feared - the earth is warming faster than first thought. August 2, 2019, 7:00 AM EDT Updated on August 2, 2019, 10:52 AM EDT 2:56. The report notes that these fires have released as much carbon dioxide into the atmosphere as the annual total emissions of Sweden, or more than 50 megatons of this greenhouse gas; this is more than all fires within the same month between 2010 and 2018. The likelihood of experiencing such hot summers has risen from a less than 10 per cent chance in the 1980s to as high as a 25 per chance today, he added. Share page. Published. 'In fact, 9 of the 10 warmest Junes in the global record have happened since 2000', he said. Despite the fluctuations during the month, the average monthly temperature was above average over most of the Arctic Ocean (Figure 2c). By the end of the month, the European heat wave had moved north, enhancing melt over the Greenland ice sheet. Figure 2a. Human-driven emissions added up … Monday, August 26th 2019, 2:15 pm - It’s now quite late in the summer, and yet many areas in Europe are expecting temperatures 10 to 14°C above average. The final estimate depends on which observational dataset is used, he noted. Arctic sea ice extent for July 2019 set a new record low of 7.59 million square kilometers (2.93 million square miles). This week's heat wave in Europe is a preview of what the climate crisis has in store By Jordan Evans and Brandon Miller, CNN Updated 10:49 AM ET, Tue June 25, 2019 Looking for facts and information? On the same day, passengers were evacuated from a Eurostar train that had broken down between Halle and Tubize, as many began to fall ill due to the extreme temperatures. Your burning questions about snow and ice. High-resolution image, Figure 4b. These relatively cool conditions were the result of below average sea level pressure centered over the East Siberian Sea, coupled with above average sea level pressure over the west Siberian Plain, which brought cold air southwards and helped to push the ice towards the coast. Elderly people who live alone and have little social contact are more likely to have falls, study finds, Even people with moderate cases of Covid-19 can suffer STROKES and seizures, study suggests. Research into the 2003 European heatwave suggested at the time that human activity had more than doubled the risk of such warm summers — and that annual heatwaves like we are experiencing now could become commonplace by around the middle of the century. Replay. Europe's biggest heat-wave catastrophe occurred in the first two weeks of August 2003. Europe heatwaves; media caption France heatwave threatens 40C June day. Monthly July ice extent for 1979 to 2019 shows a decline of 7.32 percent per decade.Credit: National Snow and Ice Data Center High-resolution image. The magenta line shows the 1981 to 2010 average extent for that month. Europe has been hit with the second extreme heat wave in a month, with record temperatures leading to fears that Notre Dame Cathedral could collapse. According the UK Met Office, temperatures in southwest Wimbledon reached 96.3°F, the highest temperature ever recorded during the Wimbledon tennis tournament. Credit: National Snow and Ice Data Center High-resolution image, Figure 5c. Ice retreated over most regions of the Arctic Ocean, especially over the Laptev Sea, northern Chukchi and Beaufort Seas, and Hudson Bay, where no ice remained at the end of the month. Europe heatwave 2019 videos and latest news articles; GlobalNews.ca your source for the latest news on Europe heatwave 2019 . 2019 is shown in blue, 2018 in green, 2017 in orange, 2016 in brown, 2015 in purple, and 2012 in dotted brown. 'Air from continental Europe, the Mediterranean and even North Africa is brought over the UK.'. Nature: Climate Change. Figure 6. close. August 6, 2019. 'That's similar to saying that a normal summer in future will be as hot as our hottest summers to date,' he added. Fire radiative power is a measure of heat output from wildfires as shown for June 2019 (red) and the 2003 to 2018 average (grey). 2012 was an exception, when the average August ice loss rate remained quite rapid at 89,500 square kilometers per day (34,600 square miles per day), leading to a new record low for the September minimum that year. Read their blog ... Icelights: Answers to your burning questions about ice and climate. This image from July 24, 2019 from the NASA Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) sensor shows the locations of fires (red dots) in the Arctic. Tue 25 Jun 2019 11.17 EDT. Explore NASA satellite data using interactive maps that show how the Arctic is changing over time. Melt onset over the central Arctic Ocean near the longitudes of the Laptev Sea, the Lincoln Sea, and parts of Hudson Bay was up to 20 days earlier than average. Updated 2302 GMT (0702 HKT) August 1, 2019 . Published on Aug 26, 2019 Europe wide temperatures and forecast in this heatwave, from Norway yo Italy, from Turkey and Russia in the East to Portugal … Sea ice extent in September of 2019 is likely to be among the five lowest minimums recorded. Since the beginning of June, more than 100 large wildfires have been observed Credit: National Snow and Ice Data Center High-resolution image, Figure 5b. A heat wave in India this month has already killed dozens. France is braced for a heatwave … It was caused by high pressure and winds from the Sahara Desert affecting large parts of the continent, according to meteorologists. The grueling heat, that lasted from July 21-26, wreaked havoc in places such as Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands. WHAT CAUSED THE HEATWAVE? Soaring temperatures broke records in Germany, France, Britain and the Netherlands on Thursday as a heat wave gripped Europe for the second time in a month. 02 August, 2019 | Heatwave | Europe Human contribution to record-breaking June 2019 heatwave in France A heatwave struck large parts of Europe during the last week of June 2019, breaking several historical records at single locations in France, Switzerland, Austria, … Home | Contact Us Recurring polynyas over the Cosmonaut Sea and the Maud Rise. This was in part fueled by early melt onset; ice began to melt nearly a month earlier than average (Figure 4a). Journal of Geophysical Research: Oceans. By July, Antarctic sea ice extent was tracking among the lowest in the continuous satellite record. Climate change could see up to 1.2 BILLION people suffer from unsafe temperatures - leading to exhaustion or even crippling heat stroke - by... Heatwaves have been increasing in frequency and duration since the 1950s in nearly every part of the world, study shows, 'Rising chance' the world could exceed the key 1.5°C global warming limit set by the Paris Agreement in the next five years, scientists say, Europe could suffer a SEVEN-FOLD increase in the number of extreme droughts by 2100 if greenhouse gas emissions are not curbed, study warns, 2020 is on course to be one of hottest years on record - with global temperatures over 2°F above baseline as climate crisis continues. Sea Ice Index data.Credit: National Snow and Ice Data CenterHigh-resolution image, Figure 2b. The June 2019 European heat wave was a period of unusually hot weather affecting southwestern to central Europe, starting in late June and resulting in the hottest June ever recorded in Europe. 'Although there is some uncertainty in the forecast, it looks like it will become cooler on Friday as the high pressure over Europe moves slowly towards the east,' said Dr Shaffrey. However, by July 30, the heat wave that had been plaguing Europe moved north, baking Greenland with temperatures at the 925 hPa level 10 degrees Celsius (18 degrees Fahrenheit) above average while parts of the Arctic Ocean saw temperatures 1 to 7 degrees Celsius (2 to 13 degrees Fahrenheit) above average. The US's recent warm weather was caused by a high-pressure dome building up over much of the country, trapping the summer heat. Dying coral reefs could be saved by seaweed-eating CRABS that devour overgrown vegetation threatening the... Lockdown only cut 2050 temperatures by 0.01 per cent: Drop in emissions throughout the pandemic has had a... 'Mars, here we come! As of August 5, 2019, the total sea ice extent has dropped below 6 million square kilometers, something which has not occurred prior to 1999. 'The resulting thunderstorms occurring on the continent have helped the jet stream to meander and move to the north of the UK. One death was reported. doi:10.1038/NCLIMATE2203. Sea ice extent this July declined at an average rate of 105,700 square kilometers (40,800 square miles) per day, exceeding the 1981 to 2010 average of 86,800 square kilometers (33,500 square miles) per day. According to the European Union Copernicus Atmospheric Monitoring Service (CAMS), the fires this year are far more intense than normal, with a Total Fire Radiative Power (TFRP) up to about 10 times higher than average for a given date (Figure 5b). Credit: National Snow and Ice Data CenterHigh-resolution image, Figure 2c. A synthesis of scientific sea ice extent projections during Arctic summer, updated monthly during melt season. By DAVID RISING August 2, 2019 GMT. Researchers Walt Meier, Ted Scambos, Mark Serreze, and Julienne Stroeve regularly contribute to ASINA, sometimes featuring guest authors, and with support from Kevin Beam, Andy Barrett, Lisa Booker, Michael Brandt, Florence Fetterer, Matt Fisher, Agnieszka Gautier, Marin Klinger, Jonathan Kovarik, Jed Lenetsky, Luis Espinosa Lopez, Audrey Payne, Bruce Raup, Matt Savoie, Trey Stafford, Bruce Wallin, and Ann Windnagel. Yes, Climate Change Made Europe’s Heat Wave Even Hotter. Attribution Climate change made Europe’s 2019 record heatwave up to ‘100 times more likely’. Extreme heatwave warning! In Europe, he noted, this June was also the warmest on record, reaching almost a whole degree Celsius above the previous number one back in 2003. The magenta line shows the 1981 to 2010 average extent for that month. During the second half of the month, air temperatures over the Arctic Ocean returned to average, while Europe experienced another record-breaking heat wave. During the second half of the month, air temperatures over the Arctic Ocean returned to average, while Europe experienced another record-breaking heat wave. Credit: National Oceanic and Atmospheric Association (NOAA) High-resolution image. Recent changes in Arctic sea ice melt onset, freezeup, and melt season length. However, local factors also play a role, with each extreme weather event being influenced by the location, season, intensity and duration. ': Elon Musk claims crash landing and total destruction of his $216MILLION SpaceX... Muck off! 'Heatwave conditions in the U.S Midwest and the East coast have strengthened the jet stream,' explained environmental scientist Kate Sambrook of the University of Leeds. First published on Tue 25 Jun 2019 10.44 EDT . 'The eastward passage of weather fronts and low pressures from the North Atlantic are currently being blocked by the high pressure over Europe,' added University of Reading climate scientist Len Shaffrey. 2014. Europe faces second 'intense heat wave' of the summer after hottest June on record Record-breaking temperatures are expected in Paris and London this week. The linear rate of sea ice decline for July from 1979 to 2019 is 693,000 square kilometers (268,000 square miles) per year, or 7.32 percent per decade relative to the 1981 to 2010 average. July is typically the warmest month of the year, with the largest rate of ice loss. The United Kingdom saw its hottest July maximum temperature on record on the first day of the month (July 1) as temperatures rose to 98°F (36.7°C) at Heathrow airport in London. Journal of Geophysical Research. Areas of open water have appeared on the north coast of Greenland where two large floes that were fast ice broke away last week. 'At this time of year southerly winds will always lead to above average temperatures,' said University of Reading meteorologist Peter Inness. When scientists talk about the cryosphere, they mean the places on Earth where water is in its solid form, frozen into ice or snow. Rapid ice loss for July 2019 was in part driven by warm conditions during the first half of the month. ', The US's warm weather had been caused by a high-pressure dome building up over much of the country, trapping the summer heat. The ice appeared to be highly decayed with deep melt ponds, many melted completely through the ice. This plot shows the departure from average air temperature in the Arctic at the 925 hPa level, in degrees Celsius, for July 2019. Europe heatwave: Scorching air from the tropics to bring 40C heatwave Spain weather: Warnings for 18 areas as holiday hotspots over heat UK weather forecast: August 2019 … 1979 to 1989 is shown in light pink, the 1990s in dark pink, the 2000s in magenta, and the 201os in purple. Copy link . Ice also continued to linger along the coast in the East Siberian Sea near the Russian port town of Pevek and Wrangel Island. By the beginning of August, the pace of ice loss tends to drop rapidly. The largest floe is roughly 110 kilometers by 65 kilometers (70 miles by 40 miles), about 50 percent larger than the state of Rhode Island. September Arctic sea-ice minimum predicted by spring melt-pond fraction. Scientists blog from Antarctica and provide a glimpse of what it's like to do research in the field. 'The fact that so many recent years have had very high summer temperatures both globally and across Europe is very much in line with what we expect from man-made global warming,' said Dr Inness. The run of unprecedented temperatures in July – which sent records tumbling in the UK, the Netherlands, Belgium and Germany – would have been “extremely unlikely” without climate change, according to a new quick-fire analysis. However, the sea ice concentrations in the region are now low, with many open water areas between ice floes. Play it now. Two large floes that were fast ice (attached to the coast) broke away last week (Figure 6). Across Europe, the pattern was similar. Antarctic sea ice growth has been slightly slower than average since the end of the austral summer in March, pushing an already-low sea ice extent lower. Related Topics. 'Changes in the intensity and likelihood of extreme weather is how climate change manifests,' said environmental scientist Friederike Otto of the University of Oxford. Stroeve, J. C., T. Markus, L. Boisvert, J. Miller, and A. Barrett. The heatwave of June 2019 engulfed countries including France, Spain, Germany, Italy, Switzerland, Belgium the Czech Republic and Poland. Since the beginning of June, more than 100 large wildfires have been observed over Arctic lands, including Alaska, Greenland, and Siberia (Figure 5a). Europe’s Heat Wave Was Forecast. The Cosmonaut Sea Polynya has been identified and studied for many years, first in 1987. For example, every heatwave occurring in Europe today is made more likely and more intense by human-induced climate change.'. The graph above shows Arctic sea ice extent as of July 31, 2019, along with daily ice extent data for four previous years and the record low year. August 09, 2019. Credit: Data courtesy of Jeff Miller at NASA Goddard Space Flight Center. This figure shows the Total Fire Radiative Power (TFRP) in the Arctic Circle detected by the Copernicus Atmosphere Monitoring Service (CAMS). This map of the Arctic Ocean shows sea surface temperature in degrees Celsius for July 31, 2019. The sea ice data for the Sea Ice Index are from the NASA Snow and Ice Distributed Active Archive Center (DAAC), which is funded by NASA award 80GSFC18C0102, and from the CIRES cooperative agreement with NOAA, which is funded by NOAA NA15OAR4320137. More Videos ... MUST WATCH. Belgium set a record of 105º F (40.7º C), the Netherlands hit a new high of 107º F (41.7º C), and Germany made history with a temperature of 108.7º F (42.6º C). The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has been tracking the melt season with aircraft flights over the ice north of Utqiagvik, Alaska, as part of its Arctic Heat program. About the dataCredit: National Snow and Ice Data CenterHigh-resolution image. Sea Ice Index data. By. 'Weather records are not normally broken by such large margins — a few tenths of a degree would be more likely.'. The Geneva-based UN organisation called it 'another extraordinary year' for the climate - with floods, heatwaves, hurricanes and wildfires... Minneapolis delivers on its George Floyd promise to defund police and wipes $8m from force's budget: Shootings DOUBLE and carjackings are up 331% on the year as it's revealed 160 disgusted cops have now quit or taken leave, Part of the Daily Mail, The Mail on Sunday & Metro Media Group, Heatwaves will happen MORE often in Europe as climate change increases temperatures and causes 'extremely hot and intense days', Greenland's rapidly melting glaciers captured in shocking NASA images that show the effects of a half-century of climate change, Worrying new calculations show Earth is warming faster than previously thought, Return of 'ancient heatwaves' could see average global temperatures soar 'at least 14C' by the end of the century, climate experts warn. ', University of Oxford climate scientist Karsten Haustein added that 'there is a 40–50 per cent chance that this will be the warmest July on record.'. Yellows and reds indicate higher than average temperatures; blues and purples indicate lower than average temperatures.Credit: NSIDC courtesy NOAA Earth System Research Laboratory Physical Sciences Division High-resolution image. Figure 3. The timing of melt pond development has been shown to be a useful predictor of how much ice will be left at the end of summer. Schröder, D., D. L. Feltham, D. Flocco, and M. Tsamados. JUST WATCHED See how Europe is dealing with an extreme heatwave. August 22, 2019 at 6:49 PM EDT For the third time this summer, parts of Europe will soon be dealing with another heat wave. Arctic sea ice extent for July 2019 was 7.59 million square kilometers (2.93 million square miles). It can appear in July or August as the sea ice edge expands northward over a region near 66 degrees S, 43 degrees E, occurring in about a third of the winter sea ice seasons. Guy Davies. WHY WAS EUROPE IN THE GRIP OF A HEATWAVE IN SUMMER 2019? TFRP is derived from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) data and incorporates the thermal radiation (intensity of buring) and the amount of smoke produced. 02.08.2019 | 12:00pm. Jenny Awford , US Digital Editor 19 Jul 2019, 0:12 This map shows the 2019 melt onset expressed as differences (in days) with respect to 1981 to 2010 averages. Figure 7. Markus, T., J. C. Stroeve, and J. Miller. Sea Ice Index data. Once again, areas of open water have appeared on the north coast of Greenland. In this image taken on Thursday Aug.1, 2019 large rivers of melting water form on an ice sheet in western Greenland and drain into moulin holes that empty into the ocean from underneath the ice. Hoard of Tudor gold coins featuring the initials of Henry VIII's wives are among bonanza of back-garden... Greek battle helmet from the 4th century BC is found buried with an elite warrior who was laid to rest in a... 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Do not only deposit soot, they also pose a health hazard to communities... In September of 2019 is already proving to be among the lowest the.

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