Primary sector economic activity such as cultivation of wheat. 12. Ask your doubts in discussion forum and reply to the questions already asked. Government here steps in by producing and supplying electricity at rates which these industries can afford. We also find that majority of workers from scheduled castes, tribes and backward communities find themselves in the unorganised sector. (ii) Which sector has the highest share in the year 2010-11 ? The value of final goods and services produced in each sector during a particular year provides the total production of the sector for that year. Your email address will not be published. Describe the importance of primary sector in the Indian economy. Public Sector The government owns most of the assets and provides all the services. Running proper schools and providing quality education particularly elementary education, is the duty of the government. Government has to bear part of the cost. government has to bear some of the cost. It is also the duty of the government to take care of the poorest and most ignored regions of the country through increased spending in such areas. In India about 60 per cent of the population belongs to the age group 5-29 years? The central government in India made a law implementing the Right to Work in about 625 districts of India, which is called Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act (MGNREGA) 2005. It is an activity of the primary sector also known as agriculture and related sector. More than half of the workers in India are working in the primary sector, mainly in agriculture. Short answers type questions and long answers type questions including NCERT Books questions are given in these 5 sets. Third, as income levels rise, certain sections of people start demanding many more services like eating out, tourism, shopping, private hospitals, private schools, professional training etc. Answer : Primary sector forms the base for all other products. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Geography: Ch 6 Manufacturing Industries 1. Download NCERT Class 10 Economics Sectors Of The Indian Economy NCERT Book and other CBSE KVS Economics latest books free in pdf format chapter wise, NCERT Class 10 Economics Sectors Of The Indian Economy. Sectordefines a large segment of the economy in which businesses share the same or a related product or service. When labour effort gets divided. In 200 : primary sector = 27.33%, secondary sector = 24.37%, tertiary sector = 48.30% (ii) (iii) We can draw the conclusion that the share of the tertiary sector in the GDP has almost doubled, while that of the primary sector has almost halved. Some of the activities of this sector are agriculture , dairy, fishing and forestry. This kind underemployment is hidden in contrast to someone who does not have a job and is clearly visible as unemployed. Examples of the organised sectors are Government employees, registered industrial workers, Anganwadi workers, village health workers, etc. Take, for example, the cultivation of cotton. (1) (i) the history of developed countries indicates that the initial stage of development, the primary sector was the most important sector of … 3. People working in the organised sector get several other benefits from the employers such as paid leave, payment during holidays, provident fund, gratuity, etc. The development of new services such as information technologies along with the BPO’s, has become an integral part of the economy. It takes place within a crop season. Name the sector in which the natural products are changed into other forms. After primary and secondary, there is a third category of activities that falls under tertiary sector and is different from the above two. Examples of primary sector:In India, agriculture is the biggest example of the primary sector.. It has been noted from the histories of many, now developed, countries that at initial stages of development, primary sector was the most important sector of economic activity. People get medical benefits. Export revenue. NCERT Class 10 Social Science Chapter-Wise Solutions Economics. Now suppose a new dam is constructed and canals are dug to irrigate many such farms. 4. Services such as hospitals, educational institutions, post and telegraph services, police stations, courts, village administrative offices, municipal corporations, defence, transport, banks, insurance companies, etc. Education in India is primarily provided by public schools (controlled and funded by the government at three levels: central, state and local) and private schools.Under various articles of the Indian Constitution, free and compulsory education is provided as a fundamental right to children aged 6 to 14. Also, it has to ensure that these facilities are available for everyone. 2.0.5 What are Organised and Unorganised sectors? There is no provision for overtime, paid leave, holidays, leave due to sickness, etc. The sectors are classified into public and private sector on the bases of? View Solution play_arrow; question_answer33) (iii) Which sector has the lowest share in the year 2010-11 ? This could lead to a lot of employment generation within the agricultural sector itself reducing the problem of underemployment. prietary class (such as landowners) and the sterile or artisan class could serve public purposes and at best would recover its outlay. These can be considered as basic services. As the methods of farming changed and agriculture sector began to prosper, it produced much more food than before. CLASS NOTES Rising importance of the tertiary sector in production The cause for tertiary sector becoming important sector in India by replacing the primary sector are as follows: (i) Concept of welfare state and basic services: In modern welfare state such as India, the government is supposed to provide basic services such as hospitals, educational institutions, defense, posts and … Download CBSE Notes Class 10 Economics Chapter 2 – Sectors of the Indian Economy PDF Sectors of Economic Activities. If you are appearing for Class 10 th Board Exam 2020, do not miss to revise important MCQs for the Social Science Board Exam. These sectors employ less than half the people as compared to the primary sector. It produces some of the raw materials (like jute, cotton, coal … There are many activities that are undertaken by directly using natural resources. The classification of economic activities into primary, secondary and tertiary is useful on account of the information, it provides on how and where the people of a country are employed. In the year 2003, by replacing the primary sector, tertiary sector emerged as the largest producing sector in India. Hence, the value of Rs 60 for the biscuits (final good) already includes the value of flour (Rs 10). NCERT Solutions for Class 10 Social Science. People can be asked to leave without any reason. 2.0.1 What is meant by Primary Sectors? Thus, governments have to undertake such heavy spending and ensure that these facilities are available for everyone. The government can fix the minimum wages rate and working hours. 1. Tertiary sector or the service sector composes almost 50% of India's population. The graph below shows the production of goods and services in the three sectors. The primary sector gathers the raw materials, the secondary sector puts the raw materials to use, and the tertiary sector sells and supports the activities of the other two. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Economics: Ch 2 Sectors of the Indian Economy. Service sector also includes some essential services that may not directly help in the production of goods. Human activities which generate income are known as economic activities. (iii) Why has the Primary sector remained more important than other sectors in spite of its smaller share in GDP? Running proper schools and providing quality education, health and education facilities for all are some of the duties of the government. Copies of these textbooks may be downloaded and used as textbooks or for reference. Some of these need spending large sums of money, which is beyond the capacity of the private sector. It is also common to find many organised sector enterprises in the unorganised sector. First, in any country several services such as hospitals, educational institutions, post and telegraph services, police stations, courts, village administrative offices, municipal corporations, defence, transport, banks, insurance companies, etc. Major Sector of Indian Economy Primary Sector Overview:The primary sector of Indian economy depends directly on natural resources to execute the various processes and manufacture the goods and services needed to keep the whole operation going. Manufacturing is about 10%, and the service sector 78%. Government also needs to pay attention to aspects of human development such as availability of safe drinking water housing facilities for the poor and food and nutrition. Besides getting the irregular and low paid work, these workers also face social discrimination. Ans. How do we count the various goods and services and know the total production in each sector? Download BYJU’S App and subscribe to YouTube channel to access interactive Maths and Science videos. Sector of Economic Activities. For the growth of the cotton plant, we depend mainly, but not entirely, on natural factors like rainfall, sunshine and climate. To count goods and services we add the numbers that are produced. MCQ Questions for Class 10 Economics: Ch 2 Sectors of the Indian Economy Transport, storage, communication, banking, trade are some examples of tertiary activities. Also, collecting money from thousands of people who use these facilities is not easy. It plays an important role in the economy because of the following reasons: Hospitals, schools, police stations, banks, insurance, administrative services have become the key areas which contribute to the growth of an economy. Give five reasons for the rising importance of the tertiary sector in production. Similarly, minerals and ores are also natural products. As a result, more than half of the workers in the country are working in the primary sector, mainly in agriculture, producing only a quarter of the GDP. They get paid leave, payment during holidays, provident fund, gratuity etc. The various activities perform by the people so to classify the activities of different group we use the sectors for classifying different activities. Some of these people may not be employed by anyone but may work on their own but they too have to register themselves with the government and follow the rules and regulations. Some manufacturing processes are required here. People can be asked to leave without any reason. The importance of the Tertiary sector is rising because of the following reasons. We convert earth into bricks and use bricks to make houses and buildings. The government in India buys wheat and rice from farmers at a ‘fair price’ and sells at a lower price to consumers through ration shops. State any two activities which do not come under the primary sector. Governments have to undertake heavy spending such as the construction of roads, bridges, railways, harbours, generating electricity, providing irrigation through dams, etc. The secondary and tertiary sector have failed to create enough jobs. (2) The causes for tertiary sector becoming important sector in India by replacing the primary sector are as follows: , Concept of welfare state and basic services : In a modern welfare state such as India, the basic services such as hospitals, educational institutions, post and telegraph services, police stations, courts, transport, banks and insurance companies are required. Since most of the natural products we get are from agriculture, dairy, fishing, forestry, this sector is also called agriculture and related sector. Government raises money through taxes and other ways to meet expenses on the services rendered by it. Many companies will have components of all three sectors, such as a dairy farmer who makes cheese and ice cream and distributes the products to stores for sale. Importance of Primary sector : 1. It forms the base for all other products that are subsequently made. CBSE Class 10 Social Science Board Exam ... software companies etc. The sum of production in the three sectors gives Gross Domestic Product (GDP) of a country. Many units, especially small-scale units, might have to shut down. In other words, workers in the agricultural sector are underemployed. As a result, in the year 2003, the tertiary sector has emerged as the largest producing sector in India replacing the primary sector. You can see this change quite sharply in cities, especially in big cities. The product is not produced by nature but has to be made and therefore some process of manufacturing is essential. What is meant by the NITI ayog? It is concerned with the removal and collection of resources that are considered natural. Explain the criteria of underemployment with example? Government can provide cheap and affordable basic services like education, health, food to these workers. Therefore, we can say that tertiary sector has been playing an important role in Indian economy. The secondary and tertiary sector have failed to create enough jobs. The private sector may not continue their production or business unless government encourages it. Ask your doubts related to Maths, Science or Social Science in Discussion Forum and get the answers from many users. After primary and secondary sectors, there is a third sector called the service sector also known as tertiary sector. Secondary Sector: When the main activity involves manufacturing then it is the secondary sector. It is the value of all final goods and services produced within a country during a particular year. The best thing about these resources is that they can be further processed to create finished products. The development of agriculture and industry leads to the development of services such as transport, trade, storage, etc. Over a long time (more than hundred years), and especially because new methods of manufacturing were introduced, factories came up and started expanding. Custom Essay Writing Services: How to Choose the Right One? (ii) Demand for services such as transport, trade, storage will increase with the development of primary and secondary sectors. These sectors produce four-fifths of the product. are considered as basic services and are necessary for all people. Primary Sector : When we produce a good by exploiting natural resources. To count the value of the flour and wheat. An economy is best understood when you study its components or sectors. 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